Disturbance Pup Injury Road Rash on fore flippers from racing too fast over shingle during stampede

Disturbance wastes energy, causes injury and can be fatal

Disturbed seals that are spooked into rushing over boulders, can get ‘road rash’ grazes on their flippers (as here), gashes and injuries from sharp rocks, rip our trapped claws or even break ones such as their bottom jaw or ribs that cannot heal.